Monday, January 23, 2017

Overcrowding at Women’s March Shows Need to Expand Safe Space for Protests

TransAlt, 12 other groups call on Mayor for more plazas, a pedestrianized 5th Ave and a “PeopleWay” on 14th Street to facilitate public expression

The widespread gridlock, overflowing crowds and overwhelmed public transit during this weekend’s Women’s March bring new urgency to the message Transportation Alternatives and 12 other New York City organizations articulated in a recent letter
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to Mayor de Blasio on the importance of ensuring and expanding safe spaces for demonstrations.

On Saturday, the area around Grand Central Terminal was overwhelmed with demonstrators. All trains and platforms on
 bound for Grand Central were overflowing. At the march itself, crowds were so much larger than the designated protest route could contain that impromptu gatherings filled the adjacent streets on Madison, Lexington and 3rd avenues. Many people on surrounding streets were not able to reach the official march. While the NYPD did a commendable job with crowd control under the circumstances, there were cars and taxis jockeying for room in these overflow spaces, and any vehicle traveling through a large crowd creates unsafe conditions.

Paul Steely White, Executive Director of Transportation Alternatives, said, “The ‘ped-lock’ we saw Saturday at the Women’s March NYC was a clear demonstration of what we told Mayor de Blasio in our recent letter: Now more than ever, New York City needs to make strategic investments to expand public space to accommodate public expression. We need more public plazas, especially at popular protest sites, we need to pedestrianize Fifth Avenue in Midtown, we need a 14th Street PeopleWay with more space for walking, and we need to facilitate mass bike rides so New Yorkers can make themselves heard.”

"The events of this weekend make the stakes for urban public space clear,” said Vishaan Chakrabarti, Founder, Practice for Architecture and Urbanism. “We must establish a networked civic commons for New Yorkers of all colors, classes and creeds, space that will prove our cities are about civil communication rather than fictitious carnage, space that allows us to fight alternative facts by speaking truth to power."

"Every American city bears the responsibility for providing and expanding access to quality public spaces for everyone to exercise their fundamental freedom of expression – a hallmark of our democracy,” said Susan Chin, FAIA, Hon. ASLA, Executive Director, Design Trust for Public Space. “The longevity of our civic commons relies on well-considered, sustainable design that engages and elevates communities."

Laura Hansen, Managing Director of the Neighborhood Plaza Program at the Horticultural Society of New York, said, “The need for places to support public expression could not be clearer or more compelling, as demonstrated by the outpouring of people taking to their streets this weekend.  Without safe, accessible streets, plazas, parks and other public spaces, our ability to congregate on behalf of democracy is diminished. New York City must continue to be a leader in supporting, connecting, and improving the civic commons.”

“Parks and public spaces are the soul of a city, where people come together to express their hopes, mobilize their communities, and engage in public dialogue,” said Lynn Kelly, Executive Director of New Yorkers for Parks. “This has been the case from the Forum of Rome, to the massive worldwide gatherings of recent days. We have seen that people need, and demand, open and accessible public space now more than ever. Great parks make a great city, and great cities lift up and support the aspirations of its people.”

Ethan Kent, Senior Vice President of the Project for Public Spaces, said, “It is in our public gathering places that we best evolve, define, and express, the values of our culture. Indeed, New York City has been continually transformed by, and through, our public destinations. How we collectively shape, and use, our public spaces in the coming years will determine the strength of our democracy and pluralistic identity going forward. It is through our engagement and participation in the shared places that we love, that we will drive our strength and leadership, locally and globally."

Nadine Maleh, Executive Director of the Institute for Public Architecture, said, “Accessible public spaces for all communities to protest, play, and engage in shared spaces is a hallmark of our democracy. Protecting our public spaces and creating new opportunities for community participation is vital to the life of our City.

"Public spaces are where we as a society express our priorities for ourselves and our collective futures,” said Shin-pei Tsay, Executive Director of the Gehl Institute. “They are where we work together to find solutions to our biggest challenges, or where we fight for the biggest changes. How we shape our public gathering spaces and engage all people to use them are hallmarks of our democracy."

"We need to create new public spaces for civic dialogue and protest that allow us to collectively develop innovative, implementable solutions to society’s many challenges, which include the effects of climate change, the consequences of gentrification and vacancy, and the impact of our nation’s crumbling infrastructure,” said David van der Leer, Executive Director of the Van Alen Institute. “This weekend showed us how important these spaces are to vibrant democracies, as hundreds of thousands of people filled streets, parks, and plazas all around the country in a peaceful demonstration of their civic values. By improving the public spaces in towns and cities, I believe that we are working toward a healthier, more dynamic, and just society with opportunity for all."

Claire Weisz FAIA, Founding Principal, W X Y Architecture + Urban Design, said, “How New York City engages its citizens’ rights to public demonstration in its streets, plazas, parks and Privately Owned Public Space (POPS) shows the continuing support and creativity of this Mayor and his administration. New York City can look at the seven suggestions as merely a start for making pedestrian safety and engagement paramount. Designing for more pedestrian space and communicating how to use it; whether it be 125th Street, Fifth Avenue, Park Avenue or 14th
treet is just a beginning to what can be achieved by everyone working together.”


Dear Mayor de Blasio,

We truly appreciate your forceful defense of New York City’s most deeply held values. Your call for appropriate public demonstrations to protect our rights and freedoms is the correct response to the encroaching threat that so many New Yorkers now feel.

As more New Yorkers take to the streets in the coming weeks and months, we see a powerful opportunity, and an urgent need, to make strategic improvements to our public spaces — our civic commons — that would make these vital gatherings of free expression safer, more effective, and even welcoming to all New Yorkers who want to participate in civic action.

You have demonstrated your commitment to make our public spaces more accessible and equitable through Parks Without Borders at the Department of Parks & Recreation and the Mayor’s Office of Resiliency. The significant steps that you and NYC Department of Transportation have taken to enhance our public plazas, particularly those in high-need areas, are already paying dividends for free expression. On November 11th, just three days after the election, the “Rally for Unity” in Jackson Heights’ Diversity Plaza drew hundreds of New Yorkers desperate for a locale in which to connect, and was followed by a successful letter-writing event. That same day, Avenue C Plaza in Brooklyn was the site of a powerful display of unity with Kensington’s Muslim community.

We recommend seven steps that your Administration can take to ensure that these events of free expression are welcoming and successful, as New Yorkers come together in greater numbers to celebrate and protect our rights. All of these steps will alleviate pedestrian congestion, and many will alleviate vehicular congestion.

1. Continue your support and funding for the public plaza program.

New York City, in all five boroughs, now has dozens of mini-Union Squares. These plazas are redefining and re-energizing the tradition of peaceful demonstrations so central to New York City’s culture. Through your OneNYC Plaza Equity Program, DOT has resources to ensure that neighborhood plazas in high-need areas are safe and clean, and can function as platforms for civic engagement. For new immigrants and other New Yorkers feeling isolated and vulnerable by the current political rhetoric, these public spaces are crucial to free expression and camaraderie. Those New Yorkers need a local place to gather, one they can walk to, feel ownership of, and meet their neighbors in – while also feeling connected to their fellow New Yorkers gathering in Manhattan’s premier public spaces. It is critical that the City continue to nurture those connections and the places where they happen.

2. Expand space at popular protest sites.

A number of popular protest sites are already chronically overcrowded, such as Columbus Circle, Midtown Manhattan, Union Square, Washington Square Park and 125th Street near the Adam Clayton Powell statue. Union Square, for example, could be greatly enhanced by following through on a 2010 plan to pedestrianize Union Square West. Also pedestrianizing University Place would be a bold step that could link Union Square and Washington Square Park, merging two vital public spaces into a permanent platform for open expression.

3. 14th Street as Key Locus of Public Expression.

Just as Times Square is a crossroads for so much of what New York City has to offer, 14th Street at Union Square is a modern and historic hub for free expression. Enacting the 14th Street PeopleWay plan, originally designed to accommodate post-L train shutdown congestion, would both open public space for gathering and pilot the best options for the coming transit situation.

4. Expand weekend street programs.

Permanent expansions of pedestrian public space can first be tested with shorter temporary events that open streets on recurring weekends, similar to the successful Summer Streets and Weekend Walks programs. This network of civic spaces, alongside public plazas, become thus not only places for protest, but also places of ongoing and sustained community participation and engagement in the everyday, the very tenets of democratic action and community building.

5. Networked simultaneous citywide protest events.

For major marches and protest events, it may be desirable to distribute the crowds at several locations instead of drawing everyone to a single crowded location. This approach, in addition to easing crowding, may yield greater turnout and increase safety by making participation more accessible for people in the boroughs, while highlighting these outpourings as true citywide phenomena. A large protest event, instead of taking place only in Manhattan, could be distributed citywide among a number of locations that draw New Yorkers from many surrounding neighborhoods to converge at local plazas.

As illustrated in the accompanying map, an event that draws protesters to key locations in each borough (draft list below) could be much more impactful than an event that tries to draw people to one location. Lower Manhattan: Union Square. Upper Manhattan: Plaza de las Americas (Washington Heights) or the Adam Clayton Powell Office Building Plaza (Harlem); Queens: Diversity Plaza; Bronx: St. Mary’s Park and Fordham Plaza; Brooklyn: Grand Army Plaza, Myrtle-Wyckoff Plaza, Bushwick Inlet Park; Staten Island: Tompkinsville Park. The cooperative planning required to organize and publicize these events has the added value of fostering new relationships and social resilience across neighborhoods. During major national events, like the Women’s March being planned for Washington, D.C. on January 21st, these hubs of local activism can be activated by residents to show solidarity with like-minded people elsewhere. New Yorkers should be able to be seen and heard during pivotal historic moments, even if not everyone has the time or money to travel great distances.

6. Facilitate Mass Bicycle Rides.

Since the 1970s, the bicycle community has played a role in supporting walking protests and bringing a needed diversity to all public gathering activities. That community has only grown in recent years, and mass bike rides are the natural interpretation of protest for people who regularly ride bikes. Encouraging police and/or community escorts to keep these rides safe and moving swiftly through traffic will have a positive overall outcome for Vision Zero, traffic calming and visibility, as well as the obvious effects of gathering and free expression.

7. Pedestrianize 5th Avenue Midtown.

There would be no better symbol of the right to the city than to make people and free expression the priority on 5th Avenue. Opening the street and piloting solutions for better and safer traffic flow during the holiday season would be a critical test. During a period when there is extra pedestrian and vehicular traffic and severe crowding throughout the immediate area, a Vision Zero initiative would send a strong signal to show who you believe have rank: the people in the Commons, not the dwellers of the Penthouse.

We would like to meet with key members of your team to discuss these and other opportunities to enhance public expression during these challenging times. We could also consider starting an ad-hoc interagency task force that collaborates with our civic organizations, and potentially with community groups, as well. Our partnership can make our city a beacon to the majority of Americans who reject hate and embrace the exciting complexities of living in the most proudly diverse nation in the world. With your strong leadership, our model for civic spaces can promote the spirit of tolerance and the basic generosity that constitutes the core of what it means to be a New Yorker, and serve as a source of our collective strength.


Vishaan Chakrabarti, Founder, PAU

Susan Chin, FAIA, Executive Director, Design Trust for Public Space

Laura Hansen, Managing Director, The Horticultural Society of New York, Neighborhood Plaza Program

Lynn Kelly, Executive Director of New Yorkers for Parks

Ethan Kent, Vice President, Project for Public Spaces

David van der Leer, Executive Director, Van Alen Institute

Mike Lydon, Principal, Street Plans

Nadine Maleh, Executive Director, Institute for Public Architecture

Tara Kelly, Vice President, The Municipal Art Society of New York

Shin-pei Tsay, Executive Director, Gehl Institute

Claire Weisz, Principal, WXY Architects

Paul Steely White, Executive Director, Transportation Alternatives

Tom Wright, President, Regional Plan Association

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